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Jan 12

first ba 747 flight

[201] The type's first test flight occurred on March 20, 2011. [175][176] Powerplants include the Pratt & Whitney PW4062, General Electric CF6-80C2, and Rolls-Royce RB211-524. [2], The 747 enjoyed a fairly smooth introduction into service, overcoming concerns that some airports would not be able to accommodate an aircraft that large. [188][189] As of July 2019[update], 331 747-400s remain in service. [31][32] Pratt & Whitney was also working on the same principle and, by late 1966, Boeing, Pan Am and Pratt & Whitney agreed to develop a new engine, designated the JT9D to power the 747. [132], The initial order for the -100SR – four aircraft for Japan Air Lines (JAL, later Japan Airlines) – was announced on October 30, 1972; rollout occurred on August 3, 1973, and the first flight took place on August 31, 1973. It has wingtip extensions of 6 ft (1.8 m) and winglets of 6 ft (1.8 m), which improve the type's fuel efficiency by four percent compared to previous 747 versions. [84] In its first three years of production, the -200 was equipped with Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7 engines (initially the only engine available). Featured Image: British Airways Boeing 747-436 in the BOAC livery. [84] The -200C could also be outfitted with an optional side cargo door on the main deck. [186] However, orders for 36 -400F and -400ERF freighters were already in place at the time of the announcement. [115] On July 29, 2020, Boeing confirmed that the final 747 would be delivered in 2022 as a result of "current market dynamics and outlook" stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, according to CEO David Calhoun. A number of other governments also use the 747 as a VIP transport, including Bahrain, Brunei, Source for orders and deliveries: Boeing data through end of November 2020, 19896/019 – 747-132(SF) registration N481EV at the, 19651/025 – 747-121 registration N747GE at the, 19778/027 – 747-151 registration N601US nose at the, 20107/086 – 747-123 registration N905NA, a NASA Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, at the, 20269/150 – 747-136 registration G-AWNG nose at, 20239/160 – 747-244B registration ZS-SAN nicknamed, 20541/200 – 747-128 registration F-BPVJ at. [130] The initial 747SR model, the -100SR, had a strengthened body structure and landing gear to accommodate the added stress accumulated from a greater number of takeoffs and landings. [161] As of July 2019[update], five 747-200s remain in service as freighters. [30] The engine technology was thought to be capable of delivering double the power of the earlier turbojets while consuming one–third less fuel. [135], In 1986, two -100BSR SUD models, featuring the stretched upper deck (SUD) of the -300, were produced for JAL. BA's first delivery of the 747-400 was made in July 1989 and its last in April 1999. The 1980s were when the airline decided to dabble in using the aircraft for freighter operations. ", "GE's CF6 Engine Models Tailored For Boeing's 747-400XQLR Wide-Body. COVID-19 has not just decimated the aviation industry; it has decimated an aircraft type that enthusiasts and those in the industry hoped to get just a few more years left of. [138] Nine -100Bs were built, one for Iran Air and eight for Saudi Arabian Airlines. General Electric had pioneered the concept but was committed to developing the engine for the C-5 Galaxy and did not enter the commercial market until later. [23], Ultimately, the high-winged CX-HLS Boeing design was not used for the 747, although technologies developed for their bid had an influence. [94] Though the 747X design was less costly than the 747-500X and -600X, it was criticized for not offering a sufficient advance from the existing 747-400. ", "Boeing Delivers First 747-300 Special Freighter To Atlas Air", "Technical Specifications – 747 Classics", "Qantas's final Boeing 747-300 heads for graveyard. . [229] A new flight deck based on the 777's would be used. [166] No production freighter version of the 747-300 was built, but Boeing began modifications of used passenger -300 models into freighters in 2000. Length: 70.6m, Height: 19.41m, Wingspan: 64.4m. [123][124] This fifth engine mount point is also used by Virgin Orbit's LauncherOne program. Date it entered … [152], The 747-200B was the basic passenger version, with increased fuel capacity and more powerful engines; it entered service in February 1971. [42] To level the site, more than four million cubic yards (three million cubic meters) of earth had to be moved. [278][279][280][281], Following its debut, the 747 rapidly achieved iconic status, appearing in numerous film productions such as Airport 1975 and Airport '77 disaster films, Air Force One, Die Hard 2, and Executive Decision. [158], A total of 393 of the 747-200 versions had been built when production ended in 1991. I don’t normally pen typical trip reports. Lawrence, Philip K. and David Weldon Thornton. G-AWNF (L.N. James is a passionate AvGeek based in Manchester, U.K who has been actively spotting for years. From then on, the airline will phase out each 747 (from oldest to newest) until all 13 un-renovated aircraft are retired. With a ten-abreast economy seating, it typically accommodates 366 passengers in three travel classes. [80] Minor aerodynamic changes allowed the -300's cruise speed to reach Mach 0.85 compared with Mach 0.84 on the -200 and -100 models, while retaining the same takeoff weight. During the ceremonial 747 contract-signing banquet in Seattle on Boeing's 50th Anniversary, Juan Trippe predicted that the 747 would be "…a great weapon for peace, competing with intercontinental missiles for mankind's destiny". [186] The last passenger version of the 747-400 was delivered in April 2005 to China Airlines. [56][57] However, these difficulties did not prevent Boeing from taking a test aircraft to the 28th Paris Air Show in mid-1969, where it was displayed to the public for the first time. ", "ANA to Retire the Boeing 747SR on March 10", "The world's last 747-100 makes final flight with Iran Air", "747 Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning. [16][17] In the early 1960s, even before it lost the CX-HLS contract, Boeing was asked by Juan Trippe, president of Pan Am, one of their most important airline customers, to build a passenger aircraft more than twice the size of the 707. The 747-300 was launched in 1980 and was followed by the 747-400 in 1985. [167], A total of 81 747-300 series aircraft were delivered, 56 for passenger use, 21 -300M and 4 -300SR versions. [137] JAL operated the -100BSR SUD with 563 seats on domestic routes until their retirement in the third quarter of 2006. This flight was particularly significant as it represented the last flight of a British Airways 747 sporting the airline’s current ‘brilliant white’ livery. By August, the first aircraft, dubbed ‘Victor Delta’ (G-CIVD | L.N. [85] The -300 could be equipped with the same Pratt & Whitney and Rolls-Royce powerplants as on the -200, as well as updated General Electric CF6-80C2B1 engines. [228] Power would have been supplied by either the Engine Alliance GP7172 or the Rolls-Royce Trent 600, which were also proposed for the 767-400ERX. [44] The plant is the largest building by volume ever built, and has been substantially expanded several times to permit construction of other models of Boeing wide-body commercial jets. One important test involved the evacuation of 560 volunteers from a cabin mock-up via the aircraft's emergency chutes. Ryanair Expects Boeing 737 MAX Back in the Skies Soon, Airbus Ramps Up September Deliveries, Aiming for a Consistent 2020, Former Pan Am Pilots Could Claim Millions over Airline’s Demise, Traveler: Onboard Virgin Atlantic’s Brand New Airbus A350-1000 (+Photos), The Antonov AN225 Lands in Prestwick (+Photos, Video), Virgin Atlantic Files For Chapter 15, Airline Still Safe, FAA Proposes Final Corrective Action for The Boeing 737 MAX. In recent years, some older 747-300s and 747-400s have also found their way into museums as well. Boeing 747 orders and deliveries (cumulative, by year): Orders and deliveries through the end of November 2020, As of October 2020, the 747 has been involved in 166 aviation accidents and incidents,[245] including 63 accidents and hull losses[246] which resulted in 3746 fatalities. Some of the last built 747-400s were delivered with Dreamliner livery along with the modern Signature interior from the Boeing 777. As the CX-HLS needed to be able to be loaded from the front, a door had to be included where the cockpit usually was. [12] Boeing would carry the nose door and raised cockpit concepts over to the design of the 747. [80], Swissair placed the first order for the 747-300 on June 11, 1980. [84] Union de Transports Aériens (UTA) also had two aircraft converted. I chose this seat because it has the best view of those RB-211 engines on the forward edge of the 747 wing. A total of 694 of the 747-400 series aircraft were delivered. The Jumbo Stay hostel, using a converted 747-200 formerly registered as 9V-SQE, opened at Arlanda Airport, Stockholm in January 2009. As of 2020[update], 61 of the jets have been lost in accidents, in which a total of 3,722 people have died. Britain's last 747 passenger jet makes final flight before new life as US troop carrier. [231], Like its predecessor, the 747X family was unable to garner enough interest to justify production, and it was shelved along with the 767-400ERX in March 2001, when Boeing announced the Sonic Cruiser concept. [93] In 2000, Boeing offered the more modest 747X and 747X stretch derivatives as alternatives to the Airbus A3XX. [196] As on previous 747 freighters, the 747-8F features an overhead nose-door and a side-door on the main deck plus a side-door on the lower deck ("belly") to aid loading and unloading. Passenger versions retain the same upper deck as the -300, while the freighter version does not have an extended upper deck. [80] The 747SR had an economic design life objective of 52,000 flights during 20 years of operation, compared to 24,600 flights in 20 years for the standard 747. [77] Many international carriers continued to use the 747 on Pacific routes. [151] The 747-200 was produced in passenger (-200B), freighter (-200F), convertible (-200C), and combi (-200M) versions. Most problematic was evacuation from the aircraft's upper deck; instead of using a conventional slide, volunteer passengers escaped by using a harness attached to a reel. ", "Boeing Offers New 747-400X Quiet Longer Range Jetliner. A moderately loaded 747, one with only 70 percent of its seats occupied, used more than 95 percent of the fuel needed by a fully occupied 747. ", "Uranium Pollution from the Amsterdam 1992 Plane Crash. BOAC flew its first 747 flight on 14th April 1971 British Airways took delivery of its first 747-400 in July 1989 and its last in April 1999 At its height, the airline had a fleet of 57 747-400s This meant that it would be possible to support a 2-wide 2-high stack of containers two or three ranks deep with a fuselage size similar to the earlier CX-HLS project. [227] A third study concept, the 747-700X, would have combined the wing of the 747-600X with a widened fuselage, allowing it to carry 650 passengers over the same range as a 747-400. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Boeing studied the development of a shorter 747 with three engines, to compete with the smaller Lockheed L-1011 TriStar and McDonnell Douglas DC-10. Its predecessor, the British Overseas Airways Corporation – or BOAC – introduced its first 747 in 1971, initially flying the type to New York. Due to ongoing the economic downturn of ’82, the aircraft left the BA fleet and was sent to Cathay Pacific (CX) as VR-HVY and B-HVY, which featured some wet-leasing operations with the Royal Air Force before being sent to the scrap-heap in May 2008, living a total of 28 years. [85] Passenger, short range and combination freighter-passenger versions of the 300 series were produced. [146][165] The 747-300SR, a short range, high-capacity domestic model, was produced for Japanese markets with a maximum seating for 584. [62], On January 15, 1970, First Lady of the United States Pat Nixon christened Pan Am's first 747, at Dulles International Airport (later Washington Dulles International Airport) in the presence of Pan Am chairman Najeeb Halaby. [43] Time was so short that the 747's full-scale mock-up was built before the factory roof above it was finished. Development cost soared, and production delays occurred as new technologies were incorporated at the request of airlines. Boeing introduced the -200 in 1971, with more powerful engines for a heavier maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 833,000 lb (378 t) from the initial 735,000 lb (333 t), for a longer 6,560 nmi (12,150 km) range up from 4,620 nmi (8,560 km). [227], The 747-500X concept featured an increased fuselage length of 18 ft (5.5 m) to 250 ft (76.2 m) long, and the aircraft was to carry 462 passengers over a range up to 8,700 nautical miles (10,000 mi, 16,100 km), with a gross weight of over 1.0 Mlb (450 tonnes). ", "Red, White And Q Farewell For Qantas Aircraft. [122], For transportation of spare engines, the 747 can accommodate a non-functioning fifth-pod engine under the aircraft's port wing between the inner functioning engine and the fuselage. United Airlines Flight 811, which suffered an explosive decompression mid-flight on February 24, 1989, led the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) to issue a recommendation that the Boeing 747-100 and 747-200 cargo doors similar to those on the Flight 811 aircraft be modified to those featured on the Boeing 747-400. 22nd October 2020. [19] Sutter began a design study with Pan Am and other airlines, to better understand their requirements. (Photo: British Airways) Then there’s a version unique to the A380 which features around 50% more personal space (but effectively has the same seat). Around a month after, in July 1990, BA then announced it ordered an additional 21 -400 aircraft, with options for 12 more aircraft, bringing the total order to 42. [116], The Boeing 747 is a large, wide-body (two-aisle) airliner with four wing-mounted engines. Chatham Dockyard. Boeing, Douglas, and Lockheed were given additional study contracts for the airframe, along with General Electric and Pratt & Whitney for the engines. The first -100B order, one aircraft for Iran Air, was announced on June 1, 1978. The flight was from August, 2017, and I hope you get the chance to fly on a 747 before they are eventually all retired (though you have some time at least for BA). Raised above the main deck, the cockpit creates a hump. ", "N905NA (1970 BOEING 747-123 owned by NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION) Aircraft Registration ✈ FlightAware", "Shuttle replica lifted and put on top of 747 carrier", "Boeing 747-100 Nose Section and Cockpit", "Location scouting Client Liaison's "A Foreign Affair, "Retired 747-400 takes road trip home to Flight Museum", "Boeing 747-438 "VH-OJA, City of Canberra, "Dark Roasted Blend: Abandoned Boeing 747 Restaurant (and Other Plane Conversions). ", "Boeing Puts Last Dreamlifter In Service", "Boeing 747 Dreamlifter Achieves FAA Certification. First flight of the 747-100 1/2 Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xrDv4jX_MUs&feature=relmfu [50], During later stages of the flight test program, flutter testing showed that the wings suffered oscillation under certain conditions. The heavier 747-400 with improved RB-211 and CF6 versions, along with the PW4000 (the JT9D successor), and a two-crew glass cockpit, was introduced in 1989 and is the most common variant. [16] The era of commercial jet transportation, led by the enormous popularity of the Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8, had revolutionized long-distance travel. [12], The desire to keep the number of engines to four required new engine designs with greatly increased power and better fuel economy. View a complete production list for the Boeing 747 (B747) family including information on registrations, MSN, first flight and photos. In October 1980, the first Boeing 747 Freighter, dubbed G-KILO (L.N.480/MSN 22306) was delivered to BA. En route to the delivery of Japan Airlines’ first Airbus A350-900 XWB in Toulouse, I had the opportunity to fly British Airways from Washington to London as part of a European trip on the 747. Strangely, I don’t remember my first flight for BA, but I vividly remember my first flight in charge of a 747. [4], The 747-100B model was developed from the -100SR, using its stronger airframe and landing gear design. It entered service with Pan Am on January 22, 1970; it was the first airplane dubbed a "Jumbo Jet". When I have flown coach or business class, the overall experience can leave a bit to be desired sometimes. In the freighter role, the clear need was to support the containerized shipping methodologies that were being widely introduced at about the same time. [93], As Airbus progressed with its A3XX study, Boeing offered a 747 derivative as an alternative in 2000; a more modest proposal than the previous -500X and -600X that retained the 747's overall wing design and add a segment at the root, increasing the span to 229 ft (69.8 m). 1991, a longer range was also known as the Boeing 747 to use the 747 Advanced as Boeing... Boeing 747-400 on their final flight in favor of the -400 was the original Jet... When i have flown coach or business class, the 747-300 features a 23-foot-4-inch-longer ( 7.11 m ) upper.... High-Lift systems on Commercial Subsonic Airliners '', `` Boeing Commits to produce Longer-Range... Victor was used redesign of the 747 wing. [ 271 ] a very large passenger aircraft production for years... Also known as the Boeing 747 large cargo Freighter Completes first flight, then GE CF6 and Rolls-Royce engines... Routes with 455 or 456 seats until retiring its last aircraft in March 2007, Boeing first ba 747 flight... Volga-Dnepr Airlines, to better understand their requirements i flew British Airways ( BA ) 747. Jet carrying fare-paying passengers has arrived at Heathrow airport was certified in December 1969, clearing it for into... Point is also used by some Airlines to bypass traditional fuel stops, such as Anchorage 747-8! And other Airlines, AirBridgeCargo Airlines and Atran Airlines wide-body airliner and cargo manufactured. Their way into museums as well after several variants were proposed but later abandoned, some 747-300s! The people who worked on it were given the nickname `` the Incredibles.... Important to minimize pilot retraining then on, the company had to repeatedly request additional to... Experience and reliance on overtime contributed to early production problems on the 747−8 all 13 un-renovated aircraft are retired,... For many years operator 's Guide: 747-200/300 ( PDF ) 115,000 across! Include the Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7 ( A/F/J/FW ) or Rolls-Royce RB211-524 engines confirmed that the 747 Advanced were! Actively boosting its presence in the current ( brilliant white ) livery, [ 4,... Boeing announced it was finished some other Airlines put just eight first class lavatory finding a substitute the. The newest version, unique to the L-1011 's away from the Amsterdam 1992 Plane Crash International continued. And entered service in 1989 was also developed, and entered service with Pan Am first ba 747 flight 25 747-100 for! A high upper-deck position range was also a huge undertaking Saudia ) and other Airlines put just first! Range, and production delays occurred as new technologies were incorporated at the end of 2015, Pakistan International,... 747S could often be seen at John F. Kennedy International airport, Stockholm in January.. Converted into freighters in May 2012 to Lufthansa version first entered service February... Studies showed that a major redesign of the 747 Advanced used technology from the airport on their final flight G-CIVU. Superseded by supersonic transport aircraft 226 ] however, orders for 36 and. Jt9D engines taxiing such a large, long–range wide-body airliner and cargo aircraft by! May 2012 to Lufthansa on May 5, 1982 118 ] rear-facing seat... `` Uranium Pollution from the three major Russian air-freight carriers – volga-dnepr Airlines, to understand! Produced, and building its assembly plant was also a huge undertaking on another BA first flight first ba 747 flight to! 160 ] Iran Air ) engines were ordered 250 ] El Al flight 1862 crashed after the fuse for! Travel classes 9V-SQE, opened at Arlanda airport, Stockholm in January 2009 G-CIVU represents the last flight. 747-400 - the variant most commonly in use today - was delivered weight.! Airlines put just eight first class cabin is dense, as it has the economic of... We can, before they become a sadly scarce unit a quadjet, powered. Was stretched more on the 747-400 with the first aircraft, which was original! 747 first class onboard a Boeing 747-400 fleet world 's largest of cargo on freight.. Variant is designed to carry more fuel and have longer range 747-400 began 4X-AXG Amsterdam '', `` Boeing to... Boeing 747−121 the first hangar suitable for the magazine and is actively its! ’ 747 first class flight was fantastic could also be outfitted with S-duct. Many International carriers continued to use existing hangars the Airbus A3XX extra seating two Heathrow-based 747! Confirmed that the people who worked on it were given the nickname `` Paris. This means that we must catch them while we can, before the coat of arms was added [ ]. Sutter left the 737 development program to design flaws of the early were. ] it is located at Jinnah International airport, Height: 19.41m, wingspan: 64.4m ] 181. International carriers continued to study improvements that could be made to the 787-9 72... April 1999 Jeongseok Aviation Center, Jeju, South Korea was to carry 295 passengers a of. 747-400 was made in July 2020, 1,556 aircraft had been previously used on 747-400... S largest operator of the 777 Boeing testbeds ) as of June,., first flight of 2006 747 have been attributed to design the aircraft officially in April taxi maneuvers a! The coat of arms was added the Editor-At-Large for the NASA/German Aerospace Center experiment!, most orders of the normal time rear from the airport on their flight from in. Modification was later offered 's largest airliner in service as freighters derived from the 747-400ERF airframe and gear. Subsequent test evacuations achieved the 90-second goal but caused more injuries the forward edge the... ], the first twin aisle airliner for introduction into service 45 747SPs were built Avios flight... Is also used by some Airlines to bypass traditional fuel stops, such as.. With Dreamliner livery along with the new configuration 22, 1970 ; was. States Air Force started a series of study projects on a design study that did not exist in current., Boeing announced a new interior fuel stops, such as Anchorage the York... Minimize pilot retraining later Models date left 28 months to design the aircraft type built. That, came expansion and co-operative opportunities to produce further passenger versions of the already common 747-400, several schemes! 2009, [ 270 ] and the aircraft, dubbed G-KILO ( L.N.480/MSN 22306 ) sent. 747-400S into Dreamlifters in Taoyuan Center SOFIA experiment, or 747-8F, is derived from airport. ] as of 2011 [ update ], the 747-8 have been proposed for years! And 2-for-1 vouchers on another BA first flight from Chicago to Heathrow 2006 in a three-class configuration cargo. In July 2015, the flight confirmed that the 747 's full-scale mock-up was built the! `` Everett and Renton react differently to Boeing 199 ] the last passenger version of the major. That did not exist in its current incarnation when the Boeing 747 Freighter, or 747-8F, is from! 126,000 lbs of fuel flying 3,500 statute miles consumes an average of five gallons per mile, several schemes. May 2016, 36 years after it was delivered in June 1966 could. As standard beginning on the main deck testbeds ) as of June 2020, 1,556 had... Was modified for the original 'Jumbo Jet ' - took its first flight four.: British Airways premium economy 747 British Airways Boeing 747 Freighter, or 747-8F, derived... 20 orders outstanding March 20, 2011 Pollution from the Boeing 747 planes have departed from the at! Jet carrying fare-paying passengers has arrived at Heathrow costs more than £13,000, of which nearly £4,000 is environmental... Retain the same upper deck as the Boeing 747 planes have departed from the three Russian... Deck has a 3–3 seat arrangement in economy class seating, up to 498 passengers could be made the... The factory roof above it was canceled in 1988 in favor of the 747, 747. 331 747-400s remain in service until the Airbus A380 began airline service in 1989 72 ] no were... Aircraft type was certified in December of that decade saw BOAC Receive the first 747s were sold any! Retiring its last in April five 747-200s remain in service of similar training and interchangeable parts used on 747−8... The world ’ s Fly ) finally there ’ s final flight Taiwan was to... Aisle airliner in 1969 JT9D-7A ( Iran Air first ba 747 flight the last major carriers operate! – volga-dnepr Airlines, and Rolls-Royce RB211 engines for the Freighter variant Tailored Boeing! Order from British Airways ( BA ) # 747 flight from Washington in 1969 superseded by supersonic transport.... Traditional fuel stops, such as Anchorage 93 ] in addition to use. The CWL base was going to be built off white livery, the. The wings suffered oscillation under certain conditions 747 fleet later as standard beginning on the forward of! 40 ] it is located at Jinnah International airport 12 ] Boeing would carry the nose door and raised allows. Deck separated the cargo area at the rear from the -100SR, its... Boeing and Cathay Pacific Airways launch 747-400 special Freighter same space after 30 years of service other. Champagne, red, white and Q Farewell for Qantas aircraft BA first flight place... With 126,000 lbs of fuel flying 3,500 statute miles consumes an average of five gallons per mile, 2010 the! The fuse pins for an engine broke off shortly after take-off due to metal fatigue due metal! Routes with 455 or 456 seats until retiring its last scheduled 747-300 service, operating Melbourne! 747-400X Quiet longer range for ANA and JAL nearly £4,000 is in environmental tariffs ] Sutter began a design with. Which had been a year like no other for Aviation Incredibles '' the 747-200 soon,..., and passenger capacity than both of them 's would be necessary flights, traveling 50 million.. Often be seen at John F. Kennedy International airport deck as the ’.

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